10/02/2020

C. Letellier, I. Leyva & I. Sendiña-Nadal

Dynamical complexity measure to distinguish organized from disorganized dynamicsPhysical Review E,101, 022204, 2020. online

Abstract

We propose a metric to characterize the complex behavior of a dynamical system and to distinguish between organized and disorganized complexity. The approach combines two quantities that separately assess the degree of unpredictability of the dynamics and the lack of describability of the structure in the Poincaré plane constructed from a given time series. As for the former, we use the permutation entropy Sp, while for the latter, we introduce an indicator, the structurality Δ, which accounts for the fraction of visited points in the Poincaré plane. The complexity measure thus defined as the sum of those two components is validated by classifying in the (S_{p},Δ) space the complexity of several benchmark dissipative and conservative dynamical systems. As an application, we show how the metric can be used as a powerful biomarker for different cardiac pathologies and to distinguish the dynamical complexity of two electrochemical dissolutions.

C. Letellier

Assessing synchronizability provided by coupling variable from the algebraic structure of dynamical systemsPhysical Review E,101, 042215, 2020. Online

Abstract

Synchronization is a very generic phenomenon which can be encountered in a large variety of coupled dynamical systems. Being able to synchronize chaotic systems is strongly dependent on the nature of their coupling. Few attempts to explain such a dependency using observability and/or controllability were not fully satisfactory and synchronizability yet remained unexplained. Synchronizability can be defined as the range of coupling parameter values for which two nearly identical systems are fully synchronized. Our objective is here to investigate whether synchronizability can be related to the main rotation necessarily required for structuring any type of attractor, that is, whether synchronizability is significantly improved when the coupling variable is one of the variables involved in the main rotation or not. We thus propose a semi-analytic procedure from a single isolated system, to discard the worst variable for fully synchronizing two (nearly) identical copies of that system.